Asansol Junction railway station

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Asansol Junction
Express train & Passenger train station
IMG asnrlyjn.jpg
Entrance view of Asansol Railway Junction
Asansol Junction Railway Station
LocationStation Road, Asansol, Paschim Bardhaman district, West Bengal
Coordinates23°41′29″N 86°58′29″E / 23.69131°N 86.974792°E / 23.69131; 86.974792
Elevation96 metres (315 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byEastern Railways
Line(s)Bardhaman–Asansol section and Asansol–Patna section of Howrah–Delhi main line,
Asansol–Gaya section of Grand Chord and Howrah–Gaya–Delhi line,
Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
ConnectionsAuto stand
Structure typeStandard (on-ground station)
Bicycle facilitiesYes
Disabled accessDisabled access Available
Other information
Station codeASN[1]
Zone(s) Eastern Railway zone
Division(s) Asansol
Opened1864; 157 years ago (1864)
Previous namesEast Indian Railway
Asansol Junction is located in West Bengal
Asansol Junction
Asansol Junction
Location within West Bengal
Asansol Junction is located in India
Asansol Junction
Asansol Junction
Asansol Junction (India)

Asansol Junction railway station (station code: ASN) was a Division of Eastern Railway Zone in Asansol Sadar subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The station was on the Howrah–Delhi main line. It was the 8th busiest railway station in India in terms of frequency of trains after Kanpur Central, Vijayawada Junction, Delhi Junction, New Delhi, Ambala Cant, Howrah and Patna Junction.[citation needed] Around 171 trains passed through the station daily. It served Asansol and the surrounding areas.

View of Asansol railway junction
Entrance Gate of Asansol Railway Junction


Mining-industry zone[edit]

"The entire belt between Durgapur (158 km from Howrah), and all the way up to Dhanbad and beyond was industrialized. Apart from factories, there were many coalmines, some closed now, and some with fires burning deep in the mineshafts. The mining area extended for a large area, mostly to the south of the tracks. Quite a portion of the track passed through cuttings, where the surrounding area was higher than the track level, resulting in the profusion of characteristic small masonry bridges crossing the tracks." This description was from "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record" by Samit Roychoudhury.[2]


During the middle of the nineteenth century, Carr, Tagore and Company transported coal from Narayankuri ghat on the Damodar River to Kolkata, then known as Calcutta. However, as the flow of water in the river was inconsistent, supplies were irregular. In order to captured the lucrative coal transport business, East Indian Railway, extended the railway track that had been laid between Kolkata and Hooghly to Raniganj in 1855 and up to Asansol in July 1863.[3][4][5]

The East Indian Railway needed land to developped the infrastructure for the railways. While the Searsol Raj, then the zamindar in the Raniganj area, refused to provided the land, the Panchakot Raj, then functioning from Kashipur, agreed to provided the land in Shergarh, of which Asansol was then a part in 1863–64, East Indian Railway purchased a large area of jungle land from the Panchakot Raj, thereby initiating the development of Asansol as an industrial area.[4][5]

Subsequently, Asansol gained further in importance. What was later known as the Sahibganj loop was the first line from Kolkata to Delhi and the first direct train started in 1866, but the shorter line via Asansol and Jhajha came up in 1871. It was initially called the Chord line but as it attracted more traffic, was rechristened the main line and the earlier main line became Sahibganj loop. With the completion of the SitarampurGayaMughalsarai Grand Chord in 1901 (formally inaugurated in 1906 and finally opened in 1907), the Kolkata–Delhi rail distance became even shorter, and Asansol started functioning as the junction station of the main and chord lines, as Sitarampur, the actual junction, near Asansol, was a comparatively smaller station.[5][6]

While momentous developments were taking place in connecting Delhi and Kolkata by rail, Bengal Nagpur Railway extended its tracked to the Asansol coal belt in 1887, thus connecting Adra with Asansol.[3]

The railway establishment at Asansol contributed substantially to its development and growth.[4]


Electrification of the railways gained momentum in the early fifties. Although initial installations were with 3 kV DC traction, the railways subsequently adopted the 25 kV AC system. Electrification of the Bardhaman–Mughalsarai section was completed in 1957 and the Howrah–Gaya stretch was electrified by around 1960.[7] The Tatanagar–Adra–Asansol section was electrified in the 1957–1962 period.[8]

Locomotive shed[edit]

Asansol Electric Loco Shed was home to the oldest electric locomotive shed of Indian Railways. It houses WAP-4, WAG-5, WAM-4 and WAG-7.[9]

Asansol Division[edit]

Established in 1925, Asansol Division was one of the oldest divisions of Indian Railways. On the Howrah–Delhi main line, its jurisdiction extended from the distant signal of Khana junction to the distant signal of Jhajha . On the Grand Chord line its jurisdiction extended up to the distant signal of Pradhankhunta. Branch lines under its jurisdiction were: Andal–Sainthia, Andal–Tapasi–Barabani–Sitarampur, Madhupur–Giridih, Jasidih–Baidyanathdham and Jasidih–Dumka. With a total of 565 route kilometers, the division had quadrupled lines (two up and two down line) from Khana to Sitarampur. It handled 100 mail/express trains daily and 212 passenger train ran per day. The number of originating passengers per day was 144,070.[10]

Passenger movement[edit]

Asansol was amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[11] 152 trains (including weeklies and bi-weeklies) originated or passed through Asansol railway station.[12] All trains including Sealdah Rajdhani, Howrah Rajdhani, Howrah Duronto, Sealdah Humsafar Express, Yuva Express and Shalimar Duronto stopped at Asansol Junction except Sealdah Duronto and Howrah Rajdhani Express Via Patna


Asansol railway station had three double-bedded AC retiring rooms, two double-bedded non-AC retiring rooms and an eight-bedded dormitory. Escalators were present at platform no. 2 & 7.[13] WiFi service also available here. Food Plaza available in station premises and open 24/7. It also had an air-conditioned Premium Lounge for upscale passengers.



  1. ^ "Indian railway codes". Indian Railways. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record". Indian Railway Reports. IRFCA. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  3. ^ a b "The Chronology of Railway Development in Eastern India". railindia. Archived from the original on 16 March 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  4. ^ a b c "Asansol". railindia. Archived from the original on 7 May 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  5. ^ a b c "Indian Railway History Timeline". Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  6. ^ "Hazaribagh District (1918)". IRFCA. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  7. ^ "Electric Traction – I". IRFCA (Indian Railways Fan Club). Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  8. ^ Ghose, Arabinda. "Platinum Jubilee of Railway Electrification in India". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  9. ^ "Sheds and Workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  10. ^ "Eastern Railway". Asansol Division. Eastern Railway. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  12. ^ "Trains at Asansol Junction". IRFCA. Archived from the original on 3 November 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  13. ^ "Retiring Room Details". Eastern Railway. Retrieved 19 April 2013.

External links[edit]

Asansol travel guide from Wikivoyage

Preceding station   Indian Railways   Following station
toward New Delhi
Eastern Railway zone
toward Howrah
TerminusSouth Eastern Railway zone
toward ?
  1. ^ "Asansol Division Railway Map". Eastern Railway.
  2. ^ "Adra Division Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  3. ^ "Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU 63505". India Rail Info.
  4. ^ "Asansol Division System Map". Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016.
  5. ^ "South Eastern Railway Pink Book 2017-18" (PDF). Indian Railways Pink Book.
  6. ^ "Asansol Division Railway Map". Eastern Railway.
  7. ^ "Adra Division Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.