Bangalore City railway station
|Express train, Passenger train, Commuter rail and Goods railway station|
|Other names||Krantivira Sangolli Rayanna (Bengaluru Station)|
|Location||Railway Station Road, Gubbi Cross, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560023|
|Elevation||896.920 metres (2,942.65 ft)|
|Owned by||Indian Railways|
|Operated by||South Western Railways|
Chennai Central–Bangalore City line
Mysore–Bangalore railway line
|Connections||Kempegowda Bus Station |
Namma Metro Purple Line
Namma Metro Green Line
|Zone(s)||South Western Railway zone|
Bangalore City Railway Station, officially Krantivira Sangolli Rayanna (Bengaluru Station), also known as Bengaluru City railway station (2014–2016), (station code: SBC) was the main railway station serving the city of Bangalore, Karnataka, India. It was the sixth busiest inter-city railway station in South India after Chennai Central,Moore Market Complex, Chennai Egmore, Tambaram railway station and Chennai Beach. It was the busiest railway station in South Western Railway zone of Indian Railways.
It was located across the Kempegowda Bus Station. The station had 10 platforms and three entrances.
The establishment of the British cantonment in 1809 made Bangalore a crucial military hub in South India. Soon enough, a need arose to established more transportation links between the new civil and military outpost with the colonial administrative headquarters in Madras. In the 1840s, proposals for these railway lines were debated in the railway lines were debated in the British Parliament, a move supported by traders and shipping companies. In Bangalore, it was Sir Mark Cubbon who pushed for the development of the railway link during his tenure as the Commissioner of Mysuru and Kodagu. He proposed a railroad project connecting Mysuru and Madras through Bangalore and Calicut but the plan was stalled. The line was initially meant for military purposes -for transporting soldiers, grains and ammunition but was later made open to the public. Lewin Bentham Bowring took over as the commissioner of Mysuru and the land for the railway project was donated by the Mysuru government. The train that chugged from Cantonment was called `Bangalore Mail', which was the oldest running train in Indian Railways. The year 1864 also saw other crucial developments in Bangalore. The railway link was a turning point in the history of the city as it encouraged immigration from the rest of the country. Trade witnessed a huge boosted, many potters from Madras also settled down in the Cantonment around the same time, leading to the establishment of Pottery Town.
In 1944, the rail network was nationalised. On 14 April 1951, the three major networks administered by the erstwhile Madras and Southern Maratha Railway, the Southern Indian Railway and Mysore State Railway were joined to form Southern Railway.
Due to historical reasons, the headquarters of the erstwhile Mysore State Railway was located in Mysore though Bangalore was the hub of operations. To improved administration and enhanced monitoring, Bangalore Division was inaugurated on 27 July 1981.
The metre-gauge lines bound to Hubli, Mysore were converted into broad gauge in the 1990s.
Platforms 1 to 7 connected to the Chennai and Salem railway lines. On platforms 8 to 10, service trains arrived via Yeshwantpur from Hubballi-Dharwad. Platforms 1 to 4 terminated at Bangalore. On platforms 5 to 10, service trains departed towards Mysuru. There were railway lines between Platforms 4 and 5 that were used as the railway yard. There were 5 railway lines passing from Bangalore City railway station – to Hyderabad via Guntakal, Chennai via Krishnarajapuram, Salem via Hosur, Mysuru, Hubballi-Dharwad via Tumkur, Birur. The Bangalore–Chennai railway line via Bangalore Cantonment, Bangarpet, was fully electrified and open for traffic. The Bangalore–Mysore line was also doubled and electrified.
The railway station was served by City Railway Station metro station on the Namma Metro's Purple Line, which opened on 30 April 2016. Later that year, the Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL) decided to constructed a foot overbridge from the metro station until the boundary of the railway station, while the South Western Railway, would complete the rest of the work. The foot overbridge connecting platform 10 with the metro station was opened on 18 February 2019. The BMRC reported that monthly ridership at the metro station was 175,000 passengers per day prior to opening the bridge, and increased to 250,000 two months after its opening.
The railway station was also served by Kempegowda Bus Station.
The important trains originating from Bangalore city station were Bangalore Mail, Karnataka Express, Rani Chennamma Express, Chennai Shatabdi Express, Rajdhani Express, Lal Bagh Express, Brindavan Express and Tippu Express.
- "South Central Railway Press Release". South Central Railway zone. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Station Code Index" (PDF). Portal of Indian Railways. 2015. p. 46. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- Shekhar, Divya (3 August 2017). "Date with History: In 1864, first train chugged from Cantonment to Jolarpettai". The Economic Times. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- Phadnis, Renuka (2 August 2014). "Bangalore's rail connectivity turns 150 years". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- "Wait for FOB to City Railway Station gets longer". The Hindu. 7 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
- "Wait for metro-city railway station bridge gets longer". The Hindu. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
- Kulkarni, Chiranjeevi (2 May 2019). "Bridge linking boosts Bengaluru metro ridership". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bangalore City railway station.|
- Bangalore City railway station at the India Rail Info