Bhagalpur Junction railway station

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Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg
Bhagalpur Junction railway station
Indian Railways
Bhagalpur jn..jpg
LocationMojahidpur, Bhagalpur, Bihar
Coordinates25°14′29″N 86°58′21″E / 25.2415°N 86.9725°E / 25.2415; 86.9725
Elevation50 metres (160 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byEastern Railways
Line(s)Sahibganj loop
Bhagalpur–Dumka–Rampurhat line
Bhagalpur–Banka–Deoghar line
Bhagalpur–Hansdiha–Godda line
Structure typeStandard (on-ground station)
Disabled accessDisabled access Available
Other information
Station codeBGP
Zone(s) Eastern Railway zone
Division(s) Malda
200,000 per day
Bhagalpur Junction is located in Bihar
Bhagalpur Junction
Bhagalpur Junction
Location within Bihar
Bhagalpur Junction is located in India
Bhagalpur Junction
Bhagalpur Junction
Bhagalpur Junction (India)

Bhagalpur Junction railway station (station code: BGP), was a railway station serving the city of Bhagalpur in the Bhagalpur district in the Indian state of Bihar.


Bhagalpur Junction railway station was connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network. It lied in the Sahibganj loop which served Bhagalpur with numerous trains. It was the third busiest line in Bihar. About 100 pairs of Express and 44 pairs of Passenger trains passed through this line. Bhagalpur Junction was an A1 grade railway station.

It was the highest revenue generator in the Malda railway division. It was the third major railway station in Eastern Railway after Howrah and Sealdah. Bhagalpur was well connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Howrah, Bangalore, Ajmer, Kanpur Central, Patna, Katihar, Guwahati, Surat, Jammu Tawi, Munger, Gaya and other cities.

Railway transportation was introduced in India within 30 years of its maiden ran in England.

The East Indian Railway Company, formed on 1 June 1845, completed its survey for a railway line from Kolkata, then called Calcutta, to Delhi via Mirzapur in 1846. The company initially became defunct on refusal of government guarantee, which was given in 1849. Thereafter, an agreement was signed between East Indian Railway Company and the East India Company, for the construction and operation of an "experimental" line between Kolkata and Rajmahal, which would later be extended to Delhi via Mirzapur. Construction began in 1851.

On 15 August 1854, the first passenger train in the eastern section was operated from Howrah (near Calcutta) to Hooghly, 39 kilometres (24 mi) away. On 1 February 1855 the first train ran from Hooghly to Raniganj, 195 kilometres (121 mi) from Howrah. The priority accorded to the Raniganj section was because of the assurance of coal transportation.

The Khana Junction-Rajmahal section was complete in October 1859, crossing Ajay River on the way. The first train ran from Howrah to Rajmahal via Khana on 4 July 1860. The loop from Khana Junction to Kiul via Jamalpur, including the Monghyr branch, was ready in February 1862.

From Rajmahal, construction progressed rapidly, moving westward along the banks of the Ganges, reaching Bhagalpur in 1861, Munger in February 1862, and opposite Varanasi (across the Ganges) in December 1862 and then on to Naini on the bank of the Yamuna. The work included EIR's first tunnel at Jamalpur and first major bridge across the Son River at Arrah.

During 1863–64, work progressed rapidly on the Allahabad–Kanpur–Tundla and Aligarh–Ghaziabad sections. The Yamuna bridge near Delhi was completed in 1864 and EIR established the Delhi terminus. The Yamuna bridge at Allahabad opened on 15 August 1865 and in 1866 Kolkata and Delhi were directly linked. The 1 Dn/ 2 Up Mail started running.

With the completion of the 406 kilometres (252 mi)-long line connecting Raniganj with Kiul in 1871, a "shorter main line" was in position. Initially, it was called the chord line. However, as it attracted more traffic it was designated the main line and the original line became the Sahibganj loop.

After approximately 150 years of operation, Kiul Jn. to Barharwa Jn. section including Bhagalpur Jn. of Sahibganj loop line was converted in double line on 14-05-2019 except Ratanpur–Jamalpur section.

Bhagalpur was also the originating station for many Superfast and Express trains.


The major facilities available included free wi-fi across the entire Bhagalpur Junction platforms, waiting rooms, retiring room, a computerised reservation facility, reservation counter, vehicle parking etc.[1][2] The vehicles were allowed to enterred the station premises. There were refreshment rooms vegetarian and non-vegetarian, tea stall, book stall, post and telegraphic office and Government Railway police (G.R.P.) office. Automatic ticket vending machines had been installed to reduced the queue on the station for train tickets.[3]


There were six platforms in Bhagalpur Junction. The platforms were interconnected with three footbridges.


Bhagalpur Junction was among the selected railway stations of India where automated Escalators were installed.


In the Rail Budget 2008, Bhagalpur was announced to be converted to as Railway Division and yet to be implemented by ER. The new rail lines from Sultanganj to Deoghar was announced and the construction yet to started .

Only Ratanpur to Jamalpur section of the Kuil Jn. to Barharwa section was still operating on single track. Work of construction of second tunnel near Janalpur was in progress. Second tunnel work near Jamalpur was likely to be completed by 2021. Work for doubling the 111-kilometre-long (69 mi) stretch started in 2010 (announced in 1996).[5]

Work on the new 130-kilometre (81 mi) long Rampurhat–Dumka–Mander Hill broad-gauge line completed and Kavi Guru Express Bhagalpur Jn to Howrah was running on this route.

Pirpainti–Godda–Hansdiha new rail line was under construction and Hansdiha–Padeyahat (हंसडीहा-ैड़ेयाहाट) section was opened on 17 September 2019 . Godda–Hansdiha Section of Pirpainti–Godda–Hansdiha new rail line was opened on 04 April 2021 . विक्रमशिला-कटरिया रेल लाइन-- बटेश्वर स्थान से कटरिया के बीच 32 किलोमीटर बिछेगी रेल लाइन 2.1 किलोमीटर का पुल होगा .


The Howrah–Gaya–Delhi route was the first trunk route in India to be completely electrified (AC traction) and was electrified on August 5, 1976.

The electrification work of rail line between Bonidanga Link Cabin to Kiul Junction via Barharwa–Sahibganj–Bhagalpur was completed in June 2020.

The electrification of Bonidanga Link Cabin–Barharwa–Sahibganj–Kiul section including the Tinpahar–Rajmahal section (announced by Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya package in Bihar).

Approximately 150 years of rail operation on Kiul Jn. to Bhagalpur Jn. section of Sahibganj loop rail line, Vikramshila Express became the first train hauled by electric locomotive on 2 June 2019. 12368 Down ANVT to BGP Vikranshila Exp. arrived at BGP hauled by electric locomotive. Electric train started from BGP on 03-06-2019. 12367 UP BGP to ANVT Vikramshila Express departed from BGP hauled by electric locomotive. Kiul–Bonidanga section was electrified and goods train was started with E-loco from 3 July 2020. On Bhagalpur–Sahibgang section train number 05956/05955 Delhi–Dibrugarh-Delhi Special (Brahmaputra Mail) became first train running with E-loco on 7 July 2020 up to New Jalpaiguri (NJP) via Bhagalpur.

In June 2020, with the completion of electrification of Sahibganj loop from (Bonidanga Link Cabin to Kiul) distance of total 247 km, it became a history of 100% electrification of the oldest Howrah–New Delhi rail route constructed by the British Government (East India Company).

The Bhagalpur–Barahat–Banka section of Dumka–Bhagalpur line was completely electrified on 29 March 2021. Banka-Rajendranagar Intercity Exp. got Electric Traction form Banka from 29 March 2021 (First Train Godda-New Delhi Humsafar special (02307) flagged offed).

Jamalpur Workshop[edit]

Jamalpur Workshop on Kiul Jn.–Bhagalpur Jn. section, the first full-fledged railway workshop facility in India, was opened on 8 February 1862, at a time when the Howrah–Delhi main line, passing through Jamalpur was under construction. It undertook repairs of wagons, coaches, cranes and tower cars, and locomotives, as well as manufactured of some tower cars, break-down cranes and various kinds of heavy-duty lifting jacks. They also produced their own locomotives, starting with the CA 764 Lady Curzon in 1899. It had also produced ticket printers and other ticket machines (slitting, counting, and chopping). With fairly extensive workshop facilities, it was a fairly self-contained.[7]

Branch lines[edit]

  • Bhagalpur–Rampurhat via Dumka
  • Bhagalpur–Jasidih via Banka
  • Bhagalpur–Godda via Hansdiha

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kumod Verma (12 June 2013). "Patliputra station to be functional by month-end". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  2. ^ "List of Locations (Irrespective of States) Where Computerized Reservation Facilities Are Available". Indian Railways. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  3. ^ "8 more stations to be made models". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013.