Bikaner railway division
|Headquarters||Bikaner Junction railway station|
|Dates of operation||1924–|
|Predecessor||Northern Railway zone|
|Website||NWR official website|
Bikaner railway division was one of the four railway divisions under North Western Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 5 November 1951 and its headquarter was located at Bikaner in the state of Rajasthan of India.
Jaipur railway division, Ajmer railway division and Jodhpur railway division were the other three railway divisions under NWR Zone headquartered at Jaipur. This division was one of the key enabler of the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project by virtue of running parts of the railways 1,500 km long network of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor.
The Bikaner railway division was formed in 1924, though its origin dates back to early 1880.
In 1882, a 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) wide metre gauge line from Marwar Junction to Pali was built by the Rajputana Railway. It was extended to Luni in 1884 and Jodhpur on 9 March 1885. New Jodhpur Railway was later combined with Bikaner Railway to form Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway in 1889. Later in 1900, Jodhpur–Bikaner line combined with Jodhpur-Hyderabad Railway (some part of this railway was in Pakistan) leading to connection with Hyderabad of Sindh Province. Later in 1924 Jodhpur and Bikaner Railways worked as independent Railways. After Independence, a part of Jodhpur Railway went to West Pakistan. In 1889, the Bikaner Princely State and Jodhpur Princely State started constructing the Jodhpur–Bikaner Railway within the Rajputana Agency. In 1891, the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) wide metre gauge Jodhpur–Bikaner line was commissioned under the Rajputana-Malwa Railway, Jodhpur-Merta Road section was commissioned on 8 April, the Merta Road-Nagaur section on 16 October, and the Nagaur-Bikaner section on 9 December. The Jodhpur–Bikaner line was extended to Bathinda in 1901–02 to connected it with the metre gauge section of the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway and the meter gauge of North Western Railway Delhi–Fazilka line via Hanumangarh. In 1926, the workshop at Bikaner (Lalgarh) was set up to carried out periodic overhauling of metre gauge coaches and wagons. Sometime around or prior to 1991, the construction work for the conversion from meter gauge to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge of the Jodhpur–Bikaner line, along with the link to Phulera, were started, and it was already functioning as broad gauge Jodhpur–Merta City–Bikaner–Bathinda line by 2008. In 2012, the Bikaner Heritage Rail Museum was opened at Bikaner to displays items related to the Jodhpur and Bikaner Railway.
Between 2008–2011, the Bikaner-Rewari line was converted to broad gauge.
In 1884, The Rajputana-Malwa Railway extended the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) wide metre gauge Delhi-Rewari section of Delhi–Fazilka line to Bathinda, which was The Southern Punjab Railway Co. opened the Delhi-Bathinda-Samasatta line in 1897. The line passed through Muktasar and Fazilka tehsils and provided direct connection through Samma Satta (now in Pakistan) to Karachi.
Rail transport infrastructure
The division had the following types of locomotive engines: (Legends: W - broad gauge, D - diesel, G - goods, M - mixed, P - passenger)
- Hisar Junction railway station: washing shed
For the employees and their families, the division also had the following healthcare facilities:
- Zonal Hospitals
- Divisional Hospitals
- Sub-Divisional Hospitals
- Health Units, several (total 29 across the whole division, including 3 other zones)
- First Aid Posted, unknown (no more than a total of two across the whole zone)
The division had following training institutes:
- Divisional Training Centre(Engineering), Bandikui, Bikaner
- Area Training Centre, Bandikui, Bikaner
- Divisional Training Centre(Traffic, C&W, Civil), Lalgarh, Bikaner
- Basic Training Centre, Bikaner
- Railway Police Force (RPF) Training Centre, Bandikui, Bikaner
Route and Track Length
- North Western Railway zone
- Route km: broad gauge 2,575.03 kilometres (1,600.05 mi), metre gauge 2,874.23 kilometres (1,785.96 mi), total 5,449.29 kilometres (3,386.03 mi)
- Track km: broad gauge 6,696.36 kilometres (4,160.93 mi), metre gauge 733.44 kilometres (455.74 mi), total 7,329.80 kilometres (4,554.53 mi)
- Bikaner railway division: coverred Rajasthan and parts of Railway in Haryana
- Route km: broad gauge 1,730.96 kilometres (1,075.57 mi), metre gauge 48.76 kilometres (30.30 mi), total 1,779.72 kilometres (1,105.87 mi)
- Track km: broad gauge 2,182.31 kilometres (1,356.02 mi), metre gauge 51.17 kilometres (31.80 mi), total 2,233.58 kilometres (1,387.88 mi)
The division had ≈14,000 employees handling 142 trains across 198 stations (14 with Computerized Passenger Reservation System). The quantum of traffic was equally split between goods and passenger segment, with food grains, china clay and gypsum being the main outbound goods traffic.
The network of this division coverred the following states:
- Rajasthan: Dhundhar region, Bikaner region and north Rajasthan
- Haryana: western and southern triangular half of Haryana, up to and below the Sirsa-Hisar-Rewari diagonal.
- Punjab: A very small upward pointing triangular spurred of the network in the south west corner of Punjab.
The network consisted of the following lines:
- Jodhpur–Bhatinda line via Hanumangarh,
- Jakhal-Hisar line (to Ludhiana via Sangrur) and Hisar-sadalpur line (to Bikaner)
- Rewri-Sadulpur-Hanumangarh line
- Hanumangarh-Sriganganagar-Sarupsar loop line
- Salemgrah-Anupgarh line
- Ratangarh-Sardarshahr line
- Delhi–Fazilka line, from Rewari to Dabwali section only
- Rewari-Rohtak line
- Rohtak-Bhiwani line
The Western Dedicated Freight Corridor passed through Rewari.
List of railway stations and towns
|Category of station||No. of stations||Names of stations|
|A Category||7||Bikaner, Bhiwani, Hanumangarh Junction, Hisar Junction, Lalgarh Junction, Sri Ganganagar, Suratgarh Junction,Bawanikhera|
|B Category||4||Shri karanpur, Kesrisingh pur, Gajsinghpur, Raisingh Nagar.|
|D Category||1||Prithviraj pura|
Stations closed for Passengers -
- "Zones and their Divisions in Indian Railways" (PDF). Indian Railways. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- "Bikaner Railway Division". Railway Board. Western Railway zone. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- "Jodhpur-Bikaner Railway". fibis. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "IR History: Part II (1870-1899)". IRFCA. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- "Sheds and workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Brief History of Bikaner Workshop" (PDF). North Western Railway. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Written answers to Qustion asked in Parliament". Railway expansion programme in Rajasthan. Government of India. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Railway line along Indian border". Press Information Bureau, Govt. of India, 21 April 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Bikana Heritage Rail Museum opened for public viewing". The Times of India, 18 October 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Overview of Bikaner Division" (PDF). Indian Railways. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Bathinda–Rewari line route map". India Rail Info.
- "Overview of Bikaner Division" (PDF). North Western Railway. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Gazetteer of India, Haryana, Hisar" (PDF). Haryana Government. Communications, page 135. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Rajputana Malwa State Railway". fibis. Retrieved 10 May 2014.[unreliable source?]
- "IR History: Early Days II (1870-1899)". Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "Chapter VII Communications". Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "Haryana gets first functional railway line after 33 years". Business Standard, 7 January 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- "Statement showing Category-wise No.of stations in IR based on Pass. earning of 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- "PASSENGER AMENITIES - CRITERIA= For Categorisation of Stations" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.