Dhanbad Junction railway station

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Dhanbad Junction
Regional rail and Light rail station
Dhanbad Junction platformboard.jpg
Dhanbad Junction
LocationStation Road, Dhanbad, Dhanbad district, Jharkhand
Coordinates23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E / 23.7922°N 86.4283°E / 23.7922; 86.4283Coordinates: 23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E / 23.7922°N 86.4283°E / 23.7922; 86.4283
Elevation235.00 metres (771.00 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byEast Central Railways
Line(s)Asansol–Gaya section of Grand Chord, Howrah–Gaya–Delhi line, Howrah–Allahabad–Mumbai line, Dhanbad- Singrauli line, Dhanbad–Bhojudih–Adra Line
Structure typeIn Development
Other information
Station codeDHN
Zone(s) East Central Railway zone
Division(s) Dhanbad
Opened1880; 141 years ago (1880)
Rebuilt1956; 65 years ago (1956)
Electrified1960; 61 years ago (1960)
Route map
to Tilaiya (under construction)
Hazaribagh Road
to New Giridih (proposed)
Parasnath Hill
1350 m
1476 yd
Netaji Subhas Chandra
Bose Gomoh
Bhuli halt


Dhanbad Junction is located in Jharkhand
Dhanbad Junction
Dhanbad Junction
Location in Jharkhand
12259 Sealdah Duronto Express at Dhanbad Junction.jpg

Dhanbad Junction railway station, station code DHN, was a railway station of the Indian railway serving the city of Dhanbad, the headquarters of Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It was the largest railway station in Jharkhand, handling over 100 trains and 100,000+ passengers every day. Dhanbad was also the headquarters of the Dhanbad Rail Division of the East Central Railway zone. Grand Chord rail-line that connected Howrah and New Delhi passed through Dhanbad junction. Dhanbad was located at 23°47′32″N 86°25′42″E / 23.79222°N 86.42833°E / 23.79222; 86.42833.[3] It had an elevation of 235 metres (771 ft).

One of the largest and busiest railway junctions, it was arguably the most important station on the Grand Chord. In fact Dhanbad was the junction at which the Grand Chord really diverges from the CIC section. CIC rail line started from Dhanbad and ends at Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh. Besides the CIC section there was a direct line to Ranchi which went through Bokaro and Chandrapura. Most trains bound for Ranchi took this route. Dhanbad had a rail connectivity with the other major parts of the country such as Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kochi, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Nagpur, Pune, Guwahati, Jamshedpur, Daltonganj etc. Another rail line passing through the district, started at Kharagpur and ends at Gomoh, this rail line came under South Eastern Railway. Dhanbad was connected with most of the states through rail network. Every train passing through Dhanbad had a stop here. This Station was facing a serious problem of connectivity. And losing its importance after closure of DhanbadChandrapura rail line. Platform 6-7 was fading away now. but Mahuda Junction was just 19 km by road became the substitution for Dhanbad and nearby places for different trains after closure of Chandrapura Dhanbad line.

There used to be another railway line from Dhanbad connecting it to Jharia and Pathardih. The line used to intersected the CIC section, requiring a diamond crossing. Now that the line had been dis-mantled, the Diamond Crossing was no longer operational. Previously when there were much less trains from Ranchi and adjoining areas, Dhanbad along with Tatanagar railway station served as the main railway stations for the entire state of Jharkhand.


The entire belt between Durgapur (158 km from Howrah), and all the way up to Dhanbad and beyond was industrialized. Apart from factories, there were many coalmines, some closed now, and some with fires burning deep in the mineshafts. The mining area extended for a large area, mostly to the south of the tracks. Quite a portion of the track passed through cuttings, where the surrounding area was higher than the track level, resulting in the profusion of characteristic small masonry bridges crossing the tracks." This description was from "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record" by Samit Roychoudhury.[4]


The East Indian Railway Company extended its lines to Katrasgarh via Dhanbad in 1894.[5]

In the Railways in Jharia Coalfield, amongst the major sections of EIR were the Dhanbad-Phularitand section (21.6 km) opened in 1894 to Katrasgarh and extended to Phularitand in 1924, and the Dhanbad-Pathardih section opened in 1903.[6]

New developments

In February 2012, The Indian Railways had planned to set up a Railway Station Development Corporation (RSDC) that will work on improving the major railway stations including Dhanbad Junction by building and developing Restaurants, shopping areas and food plaza for commercial business and improving passenger amenities[7]


The Kumardhubi–Dhanbad, Pradhankhanta–Pathardih and Dhanbad–Gomoh sectors were electrified in 1960–61.[8]


The station houses all the major facilities like waiting rooms, computerized reservation facility, dormitory, retiring rooms, cafeteria, bookshop, food plaza etc.[9] Existing facilities were being revamped for developing it as model station. The Railway station was a divisional headquarters of East Central Railway and houses a number of non-passenger related facilities like loco shed, washing lines etc. in its premises. From 21 November 2016 free RailWire WiFi facility was also available. If You had to came on Manaitand and Joraphatak Area then came across the Platform No. 7 & If You had to reached central area of Dhanbad then came across the Platform No. 1 main gate. You can also got various types of Magazines, NewsPapers, and more facilities on Platform No. 1,2 & 3.

Escalator had been installed in platform 2 and 3 at the station. This proved to be of high helped to the senior citizens and the handicapped.

External video
video icon Video of Rajdhani Express from Dhanbad Junctionretrieved 8.03.2012

Transport and connectivity[edit]

Dhanbad station was very well connected by roadways. There was a bus stood just outside the railway station, where buses for nearby cities like Kolkata, Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Bokaro, Asansol and Durgapur were easily available.

Outside the station, there was a taxi stood wherein a lot of taxis were always available.

Dhanbad along with Ranchi and Jamshedpur were provided with buses under JNNURM scheme, for city transportation. These buses can be used for local transportation.

Autos remained the mainstay of civilian transport in the city. These autos can be used to travel throughout the length of the city, using very nominal fares.


Dhanbad Jn was a Category A1,[10] station as well as the divisional headquarters. It was the largest station in the adjoining area, and every train had a halt here. Lying centrally on the Grand Chord it was flanked by Gaya Junction on the Delhi side and Asansol railway station on the Howrah side. It was not uncommon to found long-distance trains getting their locomotives and rakes (occasionally) changed here. All the Duronto Express passing through Dhanbad had a technical stoppage here. Due to shortage in spaces, Dhanbad does-not had any loco-shed at present. It used to had a steam loco shed earlier. It had a trip loco shed at its outer section, had its electric loco shed at Gomoh and its diesel loco shed at Patratu. Being the largest station in the area it found a very heavy patronage and a huge number of passengers use this station every day. A lot of people from adjoining districts like Bokaro, Koderma, Giridih came to Dhanbad early morning to caught the 'morning trains' to various destinations like Kolkata, Durgapur, Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Patna, Burdwan and Gaya. Dhanbad also became the 1st station in the country to had an AC double-decker expressed running till Howrah Junction which was now discontinued.


Dhanbad was the second most profitable division after Mumbai to Indian Railway in terms of revenue generation. Dhanbad Junction's location on the Delhi Kolkata Grand chord route, made it served by numerous expressed and superfast trains from all over the country. Several electrified local passenger trains also ran from Dhanbad to neighbouring destinations at regular intervals.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Adra Division Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  2. ^ "East Coast Railway System Map" (PDF). East Coast Railway.
  3. ^ "Dhanbad Junction". Wikimapia. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  4. ^ "Gomoh loco shed and CLW trip record". Indian Railway Reports. IRFCA. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  5. ^ E.R., Gee. "History of Coal Mining in India". pages 314-315. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Chapter VII – Communications" (PDF). Dhanbad district administration. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  7. ^ "Railways to set up body to develop stations". The Times of India. 11 February 2012. Archived from the original on 9 December 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  8. ^ "History of Electrification". information published by CORE (Central Organisation for Railway Electrification). CORE (Central Organisation for Railway Electrification). Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  9. ^ "List of Locations (Irrespective Of States) Where Computerized Reservation Facilities Are Available". Official website of the Indian Railways. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Dhanbad Railway Station to provide a host of amenities shortly | RailNews". railnews.co.in. Retrieved 30 June 2014.

External links[edit]

Dhanbad travel guide from Wikivoyage