Indore Junction railway station
|Express train Suburban train and Passenger train station|
|Location||Indore, Madhya Pradesh|
|Elevation||550.20 m (1,805 ft)|
|Owned by||Indian Railways|
|Operated by||Indore Sub-Railway Division|
|Connections||Indore Metro, Airport Express, Bus stop, iBus, Taxi stand, Auto stand, E-rickshaw|
|Structure type||Standard (on-ground station)|
|Fare zone||Western Railway zone|
|Previous names||Indore Junction|
Indore Junction (station code: INDB) was one of the Railway junctions in Madhya Pradesh and served Indore, the commercial capital of Central India. The railway station of Indore Junction BG (future Indore Central) fell under the administrative control of Western Railway zone of Indian Railways. It consisted of six main railway platforms. The Ujjain–Indore route and Indore Junction was electrified in 2011. The Station was located 1 km away from the city centre. It was one of the ISO Certified Railway Stations of India.
Holkar State Railway
His Highness the Maharajah Holkar of Indore Sawai Shri Tukojirao Holkar II, in 1870, offered a loan of £10 million sterling for the construction of a rail-line to his capital city of Indore, taking off from the Great Indian Peninsula (G.I.P.) Railway main line. A quick survey was made and Khandwa on the G.I.P. line was chosen as junction point. The alignment was to passed through Sanawad, Kheree Ghat on the Narmada River and then by way of the Choral Valley up the slopes of the Vindhyas to Indore. Maharaja Holkar's contribution accelerated the construction of rail-lines in Malwa region.
During 1870s, a rail line of Holkar State Railway was sanctioned between Khandwa and Indore passing the Mhow Ghat. The Holkar Railway required very heavy works due to very steep gradients (up to 1 in 40) on the Vindhya Ghats. It also involved digging of 4 tunnels aggregating 510 yards in length, deep cuttings and heavy retaining walls. River Narmada was crossed by a bridge of 14 spanned, 197 feet each and piers 80 feet above low water level. There were 14 other large bridges with high piers, the highest pier being 152 feet above the bottom of the ravine. The first section Khandwa–Sanawad was opened for traffic on 1.12.1874. The Narmada Bridge was opened for traffic on 5.10.1876 by His Highness the Maharaja of Holkar who named it ‘Holkar-Narmada Bridge’.
Surveys between Indore and Neemuch started long back in 1871–72 when the plan and estimates for the whole project was submitted to the Government of India in 1872–73. Maharaja Jayajirao Scindia of Gwalior agreed to grant a loan of Rs. 7.5 million at 4 per cent per annum interest for the project and the railway was renamed as ‘Scindia–Neemuch Railway’. It also included a branch line to Ujjain from Indore. The Indore–Ujjain branch line was opened in August 1876 and the line was completed in 1879–80.
Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway
The Holkar Railway and Scindia Neemuch Railway amalgamated under a single management in the year 1881–82 and were named as Rajputana Malwa railway. In 1882, Khandwa–Indor] line extended to Ajmer. The identity of Rajputana Malwa Railway remained for a very short while and its management was taken over by Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway Company on 1 January 1885 till 1951.
Indore railway station was reconstructed by B.B. & C.I.company in the year 1921. On 5 November 1951, Western Railway with its headquarters at Mumbai came into existence after merging of B.B. & C.I.Railway with the other State Railways and overtook the administration of Indore Junction. The broad-gauge portion was extended from Ujjain–Maksi–Indore in 1964–66 and the doubling of the Indore–Bhopal sections was completed in during 1993–2001.
The Indore Junction was connected with Ujjain Junction to the north west, Mhow Cantonment to the south, Dewas Junction to the north and Khandwa Junction to the south east. Being a junction station, it was well connected to Jaipur, Lucknow, Mumbai, New Delhi, Bhopal, Ujjain, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Rewa, Gadarwara, Betul, Katni, Khandwa, Ratlam and Bina within the state.
The station was well-connected to major stations of India such as Mumbai, Nagpur, Kota, Dehradun, Pune, Bangalore, Udaipur, Amritsar and Patna.
Western Railway started the electrification of Ujjain–Indore & Dewas–Maksi in the period of 2007–08 & completed in June 2012. A trial ran of a special inspection saloon was also conducted on the newly laid system built at a cost of Rs 70 crore.
The construction of two new platforms was done, which was approved earlier by the Western Railways (WR). The Indore railway station now had a modern station complex developed by the Western Railway's Ratlam railway division closed to Rajkumar railway overbridge. This elevated structure would offerred commuters space at the ground floor and had ticket booking counters, waiting halls, etc. on the first floor. The complex offer's sufficient parking facilities. The facility would be equipped with division's first underpass. A multi-storey parking facility was also under construction in the station premises. Now there were six platforms in Indore junction (BG). At present the conversion of Indore – Khandwa (meter-gauge) to (broad-gauge) rail line was in progress. A new line from Indore (Jn) to Dahod (Jn) was also work in progress. Both rail lines would be completed in years 2022 and 2023 respectively. Recently CCEA also Sanctioned Gadarwara(Narsinghpur) -Indore new rail line via Budni. This will decrease the distance between Indore and Jabalpur by 90 km. Also the Ministry of Shipping had approved Indore–Manmad Rail line. Then rail lines would increased the connectivity of Indore with Mumbai.
The Indore Suburban Railway was a commuter rail system serving the Indore Metropolitan Region. It was operated by Indian Railways' zonal Western Railways (WR). It had the highest passenger density of any urban railway system in Madhya Pradesh. The trains plying on its routes were commonly referred to as local trains or simply as locals.
These trains started from Indore Junction railway station:
- Ujjain Junction
- Bhopal Junction
- Bhopal Habibganj
- Jabalpur Junction
- Indore New Rajendra Nagar Terminus
- "Holkars Of Indore". Archived from the original on 30 October 2013.
- "IR History: Part – II (1870–1899)". IRFCA. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
- "History of Ratlam Division" (PDF). Western Railway.
- "A Parsi engine driver's wage slip of 1932". Railways of Raj Blog.
- "Electric trains to run on new Indore–Ujjain track". The Economic Times. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- "Indore have a modern station complex". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Indore Junction railway station.|
- Ratlam Division, WR Website