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Devi Talab Mandir of Jalandhar
|Named for||In Water|
|• Divisional Commissioner||Sh Raj Kamal Chaudhuri, IAS|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Sh Ghanshyam Thori, IAS|
|• Member of Parliament||Santokh Singh Chaudhary, Congress|
|• Mayor||Sh. Jagdish Raja|
|• Total||110 km2 (40 sq mi)|
|Elevation||228 m (748 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||PB08,PB90,PB37 PB67,PB33|
Jalandhar (also called Jullundur) was a city in the Indian state of Punjab. Jalandhar lied alongside the Grand Trunk Road and was a well-connected rail and road junction. Jalandhar was 146 km northwest of Chandigarh, the state capital of Punjab and Haryana and 82.5 km (51.2 mi) South-East of Amritsar. Jullundur was the common English spelling during Company rule in India and the British Raj.
The history of Jalandhar District comprised three periods — ancient, medieval and modern.
The city may be named after Jalandhara, a demon king, who was named in the Puranas and Mahabharata. The city was founded by Devasya Verma as mentioned in Vedas . Other possibilities included that it was the capital of the kingdom of Lava, son of Rama or that the name derived from the vernacular term Jalandhar, meaning area inside the water, i.e., tract lying between the two rivers Satluj and Beas. The whole of Punjab and the area of present Jalandhar District was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro were the sites where remained of the Indus Valley Civilization had been found extensively. The archaeological explorations made during recent years had pushed the ancient times of Jalandhar District of Harappa period.
Jalandhar was conquered by the Ghaznavids during the reign of Ibrahim of Ghazni between 1058 and 1089. It later formed part of the province of Lahore during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire. The 18th century saw upheaval in Jalandhar amidst an anarchy caused by the disintegration of the Mughals and power struggles involving Persians, Afghans and Sikhs. It was captured by the Faizullahpuria Misl in 1766, and in 1811 Ranjit Singh incorporated it within the Sikh Empire.
In 1849, following the annexation of the Punjab by the East India Company, the city of Jalandhar, written in English as Jullundur by Company officials, became the headquarters of the Division and District of the same name. In 1858 Company rule in India ended and the city became part of the British Raj. In the mid to late 19th century, the Punjab administration regarded Jullundur as too densely populated and farmed to capacity. This led to the district being a chief recruitment area for settlers to colonise the newly irrigated Punjab Canal Colonies in western Punjab.
The Khilafat Movement started in the district in early 1920 to brought pressure on the government to change their policy towards Turkey. Mahatma Gandhi extended sympathy and support to this movement however in response the District was declared a 'Proclaimed Area' under the Seditious Meetings Act. In 1924, Pakistani general and military dictator Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was born in the city.
The Partition of India in 1947 saw Jalandhar became part of the new dominion of India. The resulting rioting and violence caused by Partition led to major demographic change in the district, with the exodus of the large Muslim population and the arrival of Hindus and Sikhs from newly created Pakistan.
The city had a humid subtropical climate with cool winters and long, hot summers. Summers last from April to June and winters from November to February. Temperatures in the summer varied from average highs of around 48 °C (118 °F) to average lows of around 25 °C (77 °F). Winter temperatures had highs of 19 °C (66 °F) to lows of −7 °C (19 °F). The climate was dry on the whole, except during the brief southwest monsoon season during July and August. The average annual rainfall was about 70 cm. In 2018, Jalandhar witnessed Heavy rainfall, with over 20% increase from average rainfall. Since it was in the northern plains, it felt really cold during winters and very hot during summers.
|Climate data for Jalandhar|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.4
|Average low °C (°F)||6.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||10.7
As per provisional data of 2011 census Jalandhar had a population of 873,725, of which 463,975 were male and 409,750 female.
The literacy rate was 86.22 per cent. For males and females respectively the literacy rate was 88.82% and 83.30%
Prior to the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, Jalandhar had a large population of Muslims. According to 1941 census of Punjab, Muslims made up 45.2% of the population, compared to Hindus and Sikhs being 27.6% and 26.5% respectively. Within a period of 10 years, from 1941 to 1951, Muslim population in Jalandhar reduced from 45.2% to 0.2%.
Jalandhar had been selected in the second phase of the smart city project and 200 crores had been allocated to the municipal corporation for initializing the project.
Jalandhar exports goods like furniture, glass to neighboring cities and was a global hub for the manufacture of sporting equipment. Jalandhar was famous for its sports industry and equipment manufactured in Jalandhar had been used in many international sporting games including Olympics, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games, among others. It was also a hub for manufacturing of hand tools. Jalandhar was also famous for its leather industry, leather for footwear, leather goods, furniture being sold to export houses located at Delhi, Agra, Kanpur and other Indian cities. Together with hand tools it was a major production centre of Industrial tool bags being used by workmen in America & Europe.
Many new malls and shopping complexes were being established at a very rapid pace and as such was also a hub of the NRI's who among many of them belonged to Jalandhar region.
The nearest airport was Adampur Airport, northwest of Jalandhar which currently handled only scheduled operation on maiden flights of private carrier Spicejet to Delhi. The nearest fully-fledged International Airport was Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar. It was second busiest airport in North India, and was connected to other parts of the country by regular flights. Several airlines operated flights from abroad, including London Stansted, Birmingham, Dubai, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Doha. The airport handled as many as 48 flights every week up from the occasional, intermittent ones some years ago.
Direct train service was available for other major cities like Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi. Some prestigious trains that halt in Jalandhar City railway station were Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express. Now many trains of Jammu route were extended up to Mata Vaishno Devi-Katra.
Jalandhar City Railway Station was well-connected to other parts of the country, Jalandhar City was a major stopped between the Amritsar-Delhi rail link which was serviced by Shatabdi Express, Intercity Express, and others
Direct Service to major cities such as Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi were available. There were prestigious services such as the Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express.
There was one of the largest network of bus services of Punjab at Shaheed-e-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh ISBT (Jalandhar), Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttrakhand, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.
- Devi talab mandir
- Nakodar Baba Marad Shah Samadhi
- Cantonment Church
- Gurudwara sahib ji
- Gurdwara Guru Tegh Bahadur Nagar
- Wonder Land
Doordarshan Kendra, Jalandhar was an Indian television station in Jalandhar, owned and operated by state-owned Doordarshan, the television network of Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India). It was established in 1979 and produced and broadcasts the 24-hour Punjabi language TV channel, DD Punjabi, which was launched in 1998 and coverred most of the state of Punjab, India.
The city was the region's headquarters for newspapers, national television and radio stations. These include Daily Ajit, Jagbani, Punjab Kesari, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Hindustan Times, The Tribune, Hind Samachar, etc. http://bbcnews7.com
State-owned All India Radio had a local station in Jalandhar that transmitted programs of mass interest. FM local radio stations included:
- Radio city 91.9 MHz
- BIG FM 92.7 92.7 MHz
- 94.3 FM-My Fm- 94.3 MHz
- Radio Mirchi 98.3 MHz
- All India Radio 102.7 MHz
There were excellent medical facilities in Jalandhar which included treatment centers and specialist hospitals. The Municipal Corporation of Jalandhar claims that the city had over 800 hospitals,  that made it the city with the highest number of hospitals in Asia. Three new Health Centres were setup in Jalandhar on 9 September 2020.
Cricket was very popular in grounds and streets of the city. There was an international-standard stadium at Burlton Park. The Indian cricket team played a Test Match against the Pakistan cricket team on this ground on 24 September 1983.
Guru Gobind Singh Stadium
Guru Gobind Singh Stadium was a multi-purpose stadium in Jalandhar. It was usually used mostly for football matched and was the home stadium of JCT Mills Football Club. People can be seen jogging, playing soccer, weight-lifting, etc. in the stadium most of the time. The Punjab government had started new projects at the stadium.
Surjit Hockey Stadium
Surjeet Hockey Stadium was a field hockey stadium in Jalandhar, Punjab, India. It was named after Jalandhar-born Olympian Surjit Singh. This stadium was home of the franchise Sher-e-Punjab of the World Series Hockey.
There was a Government Sports College in the city and it was a focus for many of the National Sports Councils. In this college, many sports were played like cricket, hockey, swimming, volleyball and basketball. ?
Higher education institutions included
- Apeejay Institute of Management Technical Campus, Jalandhar (Punjab)
- DAV Institute of Engineering & Technology
- DAV University
- Doaba College
- GNA University
- Guru Nanak Dev University Regional Campus
- Lovely Professional University
- Lyallpur Khalsa College for Women
- Lyallpur Khalsa College
- Khalsa College
- Mata Gujri Institute of Nursing
- Mehr Chand Polytechnic College
- NIT Jalandhar
- Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences
- Punjab Technical University
- D.A.V. College, Jalandhar
- Apeejay School, Mahavir Marg
- Apeejay School, Rama Mandi
- Daffodils Kindergarten & Convent School
- MGN Public School, Adarsh Nagar
- SD Model School Jalandhar Cantt
- Shiv Jyoti Public School
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|Anurag Singh (director)||Director, Producer, Writer|
|Diljit Dosanjh||Actor, Singer|
|Dr. Ranbir Singh Kanwar||Sugarcane Researcher, Director of Research (Agriculture) PAU, Director of Research Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University|
|Vanya Mishra||Winner of Miss India Femina 2012|
|Lawrence Durrell||Expatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer|
|Kundan Lal Saigal||Actor/Singer|
|Hans Raj Hans||Singer|
|Bahadur Singh||Indian former shot putter who won gold medal|
|General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq||Chief of Army Staff, 4th Chief Martial Law Administrator and the sixth President of Pakistan|
|Diwan Bhai Abdul Hamid||Revenue and Chief Minister of Kapurthala State|
|Hafeez Jullundhri||Writer and poet|
|Baba Kashmira Singh||Head of Sidhant Sant Samaj or Gurbani|
|Paul Nischal||NRI President, first Indian candidate for the British Political Party|
|Col. Balbir Singh Kular||Hockey Player|
|Varinder Singh Ghuman||Bodybuilder, Wrestler and Punjabi Film Actor|
|Ajit Pal Singh||Hockey Player|
|Surjit Singh||Hockey Player|
|Pargat Singh||Hockey Player|
|Inder Kumar Gujral||Former Prime Minister of India|
|Wasim Sajjad||Two-time Acting President of Pakistan, Ex-Chairman of Senate|
|Sheikh Anwarul Haq||Former Chief Justice|
|Mian Mohammed Sharif||Surveyor General|
|Lala Jagat Narain||Freedom fighter and founder of Punjab Kesri|
|Basheer Hussain Najafi||One of the six Grand Ayatollahs|
|Sardar Swaran Singh||Politician|
|Udham Singh (field hockey)||Hockey Player|
|Darshan Singh (field hockey)||Hockey Player|
|Ashwini Kumar Chopra||Journalist, Politician (MP-Karnal)|
|Kartar Singh Duggal||Writer|
|Kulwant Singh Virk||Writer|
|Ishar Singh (poet)||Poet|
|Sadhu Singh Hamdard||Freedom fighter and Writer|
|Ajit Saini||Writer and Army General|
|Gurbachan Singh Talib||Writer|
|Gurdial Singh||Writer and novelist|
|Chaudhry Muhammad Ali||Former Prime Minister of Pakistan|
|Swami Shraddhanand||Indian educationist and an Arya Samaj missionary|
|R. Paul Dhillon||Indo-Canadian journalist|
|Arun Shourie||Politician, author, and journalist|
|Amanjot Singh||Social Worker|
|Agha Sadiq||Writer and poet|
|Fateh Ali Khan||Singer. Father of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan|
|Dharam Singh Uppal||Athlete|
|Balbir Singh Sr.||Hockey Player|
|Sugandha Mishra||Singer, Anchor, Comedian|
|Nalini Priyadarshni||Poet, Writer|
|Vijay Sampla||State Minister in Union Govt|
|Bhagat Chunni Lal||Minister in Punjab Govt|
|Ram Kapoor||Indian Actor|
|Sardar Buta Singh||Ex-Home Minister of India|
|Sukhbir Singh||Punjabi Musician, Singer|
|Amarjit Kaypee||Former highest run scorer in Ranji Trophy (Cricket)|
|Akshaye Khanna||Indian Actor|
|Surbhi Jyoti||Indian Actress|
|Jyotica Tangri||Playback singer, appeared in several reality TV shows|
|Lord Wilberforce||British Judge|
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- Ranbir Singh Kanwar
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|Look up Jalandhar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
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