Kollam Junction railway station

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Kollam Junction
Junction station
Kollam railway station collage.jpg
From Top: Entrance of Kollam Junction Railway Station, A MEMU train at Kollam railway station, foot overbridge, name board of the station, Kollam MEMU Shed building
LocationKollam, Kollam District, Kerala
India
Coordinates8°53′10″N 76°35′42″E / 8.8860°N 76.5951°E / 8.8860; 76.5951Coordinates: 8°53′10″N 76°35′42″E / 8.8860°N 76.5951°E / 8.8860; 76.5951
Elevation6.74 metres (22.1 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated bySouthern Railway zone
Line(s)QLN–TVC
QLNERS (via ALLP and KTYM)
QLN–SCT (via PUU)
Platforms6 (1A,1,2,3,4,5)
Tracks17
ConnectionsMainline rail interchange, Bus interchange
Construction
Structure typeStandard (on-ground station)
Platform levels01
ParkingParking (T1: 100+ cars, T2: 750 cars)
Bicycle facilitiesBicycle facilities
Disabled accessDisabled access
Other information
StatusFunctioning
Station codeQLN
Zone(s) Southern Railway zone
Division(s) Thiruvananthapuram
ClassificationNSG-3
History
OpenedJune 1, 1904; 116 years ago (1904-06-01)
Electrified2001; 20 years ago (2001)
25 kV AC 50 Hz
Previous namesQuilon Junction railway station
Key dates
1902:-
1 Jun 1904:-
1 Jan 1918:-
6 Jan 1958:-
23 Nov 1975:-
2001:-
10 May 2010:-
1 Dec 2013:-
3 Mar 2019:-
Goods trains service started
Station with MG line opened
Quilon–Chala service started
Became a Junction railway station
BG services to Ernakulam started
Line electrification completed
KollamPunalur BG section opened
Kollam MEMU Shed opened
Terminal-2 opened
Passengers
2018–1923,479 per day[1]
Rank4 (in Kerala)
3 (in Trivandrum division)
Services
Preceding station   Indian Railways   Following station
Perinad
towards Ernakulam Junction
  Southern Railway zone   Eravipuram
towards Thiruvananthapuram Central
Kilikollur
towards Sengottai
   
Location
Kollam Junction railway station is located in Kollam
Kollam Junction railway station
Kollam Junction railway station
Location within Kollam
Kollam Junction railway station is located in Kerala
Kollam Junction railway station
Kollam Junction railway station
Kollam Junction railway station (Kerala)
Kollam Junction railway station is located in India
Kollam Junction railway station
Kollam Junction railway station
Kollam Junction railway station (India)
Kollam Junction railway station is located in Asia
Kollam Junction railway station
Kollam Junction railway station
Kollam Junction railway station (Asia)

Kollam Junction railway station (station code: QLN) was a junction station situated in the city of Kollam in Kerala, India. It was the second largest railway station in Kerala in terms of area and one of the oldest railway stations in the state. World's second longest railway platform was situated at Kollam railway station.[2][3][4]

Kollam Junction lied on Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram trunk line. It was operated by the Southern Railway zone of the Indian Railways and came under the Thiruvananthapuram railway division. The annual passenger ticket revenue of Kollam railway station was 64.23 crore (equivalent to 73 crore or US$10 million in 2019) and 23,048 was the daily ridership through this station.[5] It was one among the few railway stations in Kerala having two terminals with ticket counter facility. Three expressed trains had been originating from Kollam Junction railway station to South Indian cities of Chennai and Visakhapatnam: Visakhapatnam–Kollam Express (weekly),[6] Anantapuri Express (daily)[7] and Chennai Egmore–Kollam Junction Express (daily).[8]

History[edit]

Kollam railway station in 1905

Kollam was the fifth city in Kerala to be connected to the nascent Indian Railways. The idea of a rail link from Chennai to Kollam, then the trading capital of the Travancore Kingdom was first conceived in 1873. The line was sanctioned by the Madras Presidency in 1899 and a survey completed in 1900. The railway line was built jointly by South Indian railway, Travancore state and the Madras Presidency. Kollam's (in English – Quilon) railway station was built in 1904 by Sree Moolam Tirunal Rama Varma, Maharaja of Travancore. It was the ruler's desire to created a rail link between Quilon, the then commercial capital of his State and Madras.[9] The metre-gauge line from Quilon to Punalur was inaugurated on 1 June 1904. The Quilon-Sengottai railway line was inaugurated on 26 November 1904. The meter gauge line was later extended to Chala at Trivandrum via Paravur and Varkala and inaugurated on 4 January 1918[10] Fund allotted for the extension of meter gauge railway line from Quilon to Ernakulam via Kottayam on 1952 and was inaugurated on 6 January 1958.[11][12] The metre-gauge lines between Kollam and Ernakulam were converted to broad gauge in 1975 and inaugurated on 13 September 1976. The broad gauge conversion between the Punalur and Quilon sections was inaugurated on 12 May 2010.

There was once a 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi) metre-gauge line connecting Quilon Junction and Ashramam Maidan. During the inauguration of the Kollam-Punalur metre-gauge line in 1904, parts of locomotives which were to be used for Quilon–Schencottah line were shipped to Quilon Port from Tuticorin Port. They were assembled at the Ashramam Maidan, which was an open ground. The line was laid to carried these locomotives to the main station. The line was dismantled in 2000 to allowed for city expansion. There was also a turntable in Kollam Junction railway station till 2015. Indian Railways removed it to paved way for the developments related to MEMU Shed.[13]

Layout[edit]

There were a total of 17 tracked in the Kollam railway station, 2 lines were passing through the MEMU shed. The station had 6 platforms for handling long distance, passenger, MEMU & goods trains. The platform 1 was divided into two sections. Platform 1A handled the trains to PunalurSengottai line and platform 1 handled trains towards Trivandrum Central. The platform 1 and 1A together had a length of 1,180.5 m making them together the second longest railway platform in India.[14] The station had a MEMU shed which was situated near to Platform 1A. An FCI godown owned and operated by Food Corporation of India was also situated near Kollam junction.

Location[edit]

Surrounding transport hubs:

Annual passenger earnings[edit]

The annual passenger earnings from Kollam railway station showed a steady growth for several decades.[15]

Passenger earnings
Year Earnings
(in crores)
Variation
2011–12 38.2105 crore (US$5.4 million) NA
2012–13 43.8898 crore (US$6.2 million) 5.6793 crore (US$800,000)
2013–14 49.5695 crore (US$6.9 million) 5.6797 crore (US$800,000)
2014–15 56.2797 crore (US$7.9 million) 6.7102 crore (US$940,000)
2015–16 60.4467 crore (US$8.5 million) 4.167 crore (US$580,000)
2016–17 60.7804 crore (US$8.5 million) 0.3337 crore (US$47,000)[16][17]
2017–18 64.2310 crore (US$9.0 million) 3.4506 crore (US$480,000)[18]
2018–19 67.4538 crore (US$9.5 million) 3.2228 crore (US$450,000)[19]
2019–20 68.2169 crore (US$9.6 million) 0.7631 crore (US$110,000)[20]

MEMU Shed[edit]

Kollam MEMU Carshed was constructed at a cost of 40.68 crore (US$5.7 million), for Mainline Electric Multiple Unit (MEMU) rakes. It was formally commissioned on 1 December 2013, five years after its completion.[21] Now the railways was operating 3 pair of KollamErnakulam (via Alappuzha and Kottayam)[22] via both the routes and a KollamKanyakumari[23] (via Trivandrum, Nagercoil) services from Kollam. Kollam MEMU Shed was the largest MEMU Shed in Kerala, which was equipped with most modern facilities.

Services[edit]

There were 3 expressed train services originating from Kollam Junction, viz., Kollam–Visakhapatnam Express,[24] Anantapuri Express and Kollam Junction–Chennai Egmore Express. The services connected Chennai Egmore and Visakhapatnam cities with Kollam.[25]

Future[edit]

Construction works for the second terminal at Kollam Junction station was inaugurated by Union Minister for Railways Suresh Prabhu on 12 February 2016 and was expected to complete by October 2018.[26][27] The modernization works of the old terminal including works for lifted, escalators, new air conditioned waiting area etc. had been initiated in the railway station but not yet completed.

Google's High-speed Wi-Fi service

Kollam was among the first 100 railway stations in India selected for providing high-speed Wi-Fi services by Google, named as ‘Project Nilgiri’. There were 5 railway stations from Kerala in the initial stage.[28][29][30][31][32] The service inaugurated at Kollam station on 26 December 2016 by Suresh Prabhu, Railway Minister of India, through video conferencing.[33][34][35][36][37]

Kollam Junction to get modernization of international standards

On 18 September 2019, Indian Railway assured the modernization of Kollam Junction railway station to international standards. Kollam was one of the five railway stations in Kerala to be modernized.[38]

Other suburban railway stations nearby[edit]

Main terminal building
Terminal-2 entrance
Eastern end of the longest platform in Kollam Junction
No. Station Code Area Distance from Kollam Jn.
1 Perinad PRND North Kollam 9.1 km
2 Munroturuttu MQO North Kollam 14.1 km
3 Kilikollur KLQ East Kollam 5.6 km
4 Chandanathoppe CTPE East Kollam 7.3 km
5 Kundara KUV East Kollam 12.7 km
6 Eravipuram IRP South Kollam 4.6 km
7 Mayyanad MYY South Kollam 8.9 km
8 Paravur PVU South Kollam 12.4 km

Incidents[edit]

  • The engine of 56307 passenger derailed on 6 July 2018.[39]
  • The engine of 16723 Express caught fire at Kollam Junction on 16 July 2018.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Annual originating passengers and earnings for the year 2019-20 – Thiruvananthapuram Division" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  2. ^ "At a glance: Longest railway platforms in India". Railnewscenter. Archived from the original on 25 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  3. ^ "The Top 6 Longest Railway Platforms of India". Walk through India. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  4. ^ "West Bengal: tea plantations and other Raj-era relics". 2 November 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Annual originating passengers and earnings for the year 2017–18 – Thiruvananthapuram Division" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Timings of new trains announced". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Engine of Ananthapuri Express catches fire at Kollam station". Times of India. 17 July 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  8. ^ "After 19 years, Chennai–Kollam regular train service to resume from Monday". The New Indian Express. 3 March 2019. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  9. ^ "A station of yore, its golden links". The Hindu. Kollam. 16 November 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Railways cross a milestone". The Hindu. 12 April 2010. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Parliamentary Debates" (PDF). eparlib.nic.in. 2 June 1952. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  12. ^ "Parliamentary Debates" (PDF). eparlib.nic.in. New Delhi. 9 June 1952. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Quilon – IRFCA". Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  14. ^ "West Bengal: Tea Plantations and Other Raj-Era Relics". The Independent. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Station Redevelopment Plan – Kollam Junction". Indian Railways. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  16. ^ "Stations Profile 2017 – Thiruvananthapuram Division" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  17. ^ "RTI reply about Annual Passenger Ticket Revnue 2015–16 : Kollam Junction". Indian Railways. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  18. ^ "Annual originating passengers and earnings for the year 2017–18 – Thiruvananthapuram Division" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  19. ^ "Annual originating passengers and earnings for the year 2018–19 – Thiruvananthapuram Division" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  20. ^ "Annual originating passengers & earnings for the year 2019-20" (PDF). Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  21. ^ MEMU Maintenance Work Begins in Kollam Kollam MEMU Shed
  22. ^ MEMU service flagged off Kollam-Ernakulam MEMU
  23. ^ MEMU service flagged off in Kollam Kollam-Kanyakumari MEMU
  24. ^ "Timings of new trains announced". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  25. ^ "After 19 years, Chennai–Kollam regular train service to resume from Monday". The New Indian Express. 3 March 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  26. ^ "Kollam second terminal by October". The Hindu. Kollam. 31 May 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  27. ^ "New entry for rail station". Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  28. ^ "These 5 Railway stations in Kerala will first get Google's Wi-Fi! Is your city among the list?". Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  29. ^ "Experience high speed Wi-Fi at Trivandrum Central railway station". 30 October 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  30. ^ "Central station is Wi-Fi hotspot now – The Hindu". 29 October 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  31. ^ "Surf the rail net for free from Thiruvananthapuram statio". The New Indian Express. 29 October 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  32. ^ "Wi-Fi in three more Kerala railway stations soon – The Hindu". 27 April 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  33. ^ "Free Wi-Fi service at 100 railway stations, Kollam latest to be enabled". 27 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  34. ^ "Railway WiFi: 100 stations now WiFi enabled, another 300 planned for 2017". 27 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  35. ^ "Free Wi-Fi service at 100 railway stations". The dayafter. 27 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  36. ^ "Free Wi-Fi service at 100 railway stations, including Kollam". Mathrubhumi. 27 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  37. ^ "Free Wi-Fi service now available at 100 railway stations across India, 400 stations to be covered next year". Economic Times. 27 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  38. ^ "Railway rejects Kerala's demands; no extra trains, no extension of services". English Mathrubhumi. 19 September 2019. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  39. ^ "TVM-Kollam passenger train derails, no casualties". 6 July 2018. Retrieved 21 December 2018.

External links[edit]