Mughalsarai Junction railway station
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|Express and passenger station|
|Location||Mughalsarai – 232101, Uttar Pradesh|
|Elevation||79.273 metres (260.08 ft)|
|Owned by||Indian Railways|
|Operated by||East Central Railways|
|Line(s)||Howrah–Delhi main line,|
|Structure type||Standard on ground|
|Station code||DDU (formerly MGS)|
|Zone(s)||East Central Railway zone|
|3 lakh passengers per day|
Mughalsarai Junction, officially known as Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Junction, (station code: DDU, formerly MGS) was a railway station in the town of Mughalsarai in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The station contained the largest railway marshaling yard in Asia. Mughalsarai yard caterred to around 450–500 trains in a month. The Gaya- Mughalsarai section was the busiest section in the Indian Railways and in fact it was the life line of the country. All east bound Rajdhani trains halt at this station. Major installations in Mughalsarai included electric locomotive shed holding 147 locomotives, diesel locomotive shed holding 53 locomotives, wagon ROH shed and a 169-bed divisional hospital.
The East Indian Railway Company started connecting Delhi and Howrah from the mid nineteenth century. This was the second biggest railway station after Gaddar, near Karachi (in Pakistan now) which was constructed during the British rule in 1862. Famously known as the gateway to east India, this junction was set up as part of a project to connected Delhi–Calcutta route by British railway company known as the East Indian Railways.
The station was located on the Grand Trunk Road route. It was one of the busiest corridors during Mughal era which connected east India with the north. In 1862, the railway tracked crossed Mughalsarai and reached the western bank of the Yamuna. The through link to Delhi was established in 1866. The Grand Chord was commissioned in 1906.
Established on the Grand Trunk Road, the station boasted of an interesting past. Built by Sher Shah Suri, this road served as a main course for a majority of caravans, during the medieval era and much later as well, travelling from East or South India towards North India. Being as busy as it was, and still was, there were several sarais (inns) on both sides of the road, and hence the name — Mughalsarai. On the evening of 10 February 1968, barely two months after he was elected president of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, Upadhyay boarded the Sealdah Express from Lucknow to Patna. A few hours later, his body was found near a pole a few hundred feet from the end of a platform at Mughalsarai station.
What followed was a long and involved investigation into what the Sangh insisted was a politically motivated murder. A CBI probe called it an accident; two men confessed to pushing him out of the train in a robbery attempt but were acquitted for lack of evidence; there was no sign of struggle or injury on Upadhyay's person. And conspiracy theories about internal power battles in the Sangh still abound. In 1992, the BJP led government of the state of Uttar Pradesh attempted to renamed Mughalsarai after Deen Dayal Upadhyaya  However, the plan was shelved when Kalyan Singh, the chief minister was forced to resigned after an outbreak of violence in the state following the Babri Masjid demolition. In 2017, the Indian government approved a fresh proposal forwarded by the Yogi Adityanath-led government to renamed the station. The station was officially renamed to Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya junction in August 2018.
The Gaya–Mughalsarai sector was electrified in 1961–63. Mughalsarai yard was electrified in 1963–65.
Mughalsarai marshalling yard was the largest in Asia. It was 12.5 km long and handled around 1,500 wagons daily. Wagon handling had came down after the railways discontinued piecemeal loading. At its peak, it handled 5,000 wagons a day. Of all divisions on Indian Railways, Mughalsarai Division deals the most intense train operations – both Goods and Coaching. It was the bridge between Eastern part and Northern part of India. It closed the distance between pit head coal and power house, finished steel product to user, food grain and fertilizer to eastern part of the country and other raw material to industries. The operational efficiency of the Division played a pivotal role in determining the efficiency of the East Central Railway and any setback or inefficiency in operations on this Division was a sensitive matter which affected the overall operations of the Railways. Because of its crucial importance, the Railway Board kept a special watched on Mughalsarai division's operations.
Sheds and workshops
Mughal Sarai diesel loco shed was home to WDM-2, WDM-3A and WDS-5 diesel locos. The diesel shed also held 50 electric locos, all of them WAG-7. There was a Northern Railway diesel loco shed at Mughalsarai. It was decommissioned in 2001. Mughalsarai electric loco shed can held more than 150 electric locos. Amongst them were WAP-4 and more than 70 WAG-7 locos. The electric shed had recently started holding WAG-9 locomotives.
The largest wagon repair workshop of Indian Railways was located at Mughalsarai.
Mughalsarai Junction was amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railways.
Mughalsarai Junction railway station had 2 AC rooms, 4 non-AC retiring rooms, and a ten-bedded non-AC dormitory. It had a food plaza and a ‘Jan Aahar’ (affordable food) facility. The station had ATMs of nationalised banks.
- Varanasi Junction railway station
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- Sood, Jyotika (17 October 2017). "Railways to invest Rs3,000 crore to mechanize, automate yards". Mint. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
- Dikshit, Rajeev (5 August 2017). "Mughalsarai: The many names of Mughalsarai". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
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- "IR History: Part III (1900–1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "IR History: Part II (1870–1899)". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- Noorani, A.G. (2012). Islam, South Asia and the Cold War. Tulika Books. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- "Mughalsarai station is now Deen Dayal Upadhyay station". India Today. 5 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- "Mughalsarai railway station renamed after Deen Dayal Upadhyaya: A look at stations that have been renamed recently". The Indian Express. 4 August 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
- "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Freight Sheds and Mashalling Yards". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "General Information" (PDF). East Central Railway. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Mughalsarai: Tracks to Nowhere". Outlook India, 8 January 2001. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Marshalling Yards". Indian Railway Employee. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Sheds and workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Mughalsarai Division, Commercial Department" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- Mughalsarai Junction railway station at the India Rail Info
|Preceding station||Indian Railways||Following station|
|East Central Railway zone||
|East Central Railway zone|
Grand Chord line
|Terminus||East Central Railway zone|