Mumbai Central railway station

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Mumbai Central
Bombay Central
Indian Railways Terminal Station
Mumbai Suburban Railway station
Mumbai Central main building at night.jpg
LocationAnandrao Nair Marg, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
Coordinates18°58′11″N 72°49′10″E / 18.9697°N 72.8194°E / 18.9697; 72.8194
Elevation6.62 metres (21.7 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byWestern Railways
Line(s)Western Line, Ahmedabad–Mumbai main line
Platforms9 (5 mainline trains + 4 for Mumbai suburban/local trains)
Tracks9
ConnectionsBEST, Metro, MSRTC
Construction
Structure typeStandard on-ground station
ParkingYes (on the outstation side)
Other information
StatusFunctioning
Station codeMMCT
Zone(s) Western Railways
Division(s) Mumbai WR
History
Opened18 December 1930
Electrified18 December 1930
Previous namesBellasis Road (Suburban station) Bombay Central (from 1930 to 1995)
Services
Preceding station  
Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg
MSR
  Following station
toward Churchgate
Western Line
toward Dahanu Road
Location
Mumbai Central is located in Mumbai
Mumbai Central
Mumbai Central
Location within Mumbai

Mumbai Central (formerly Bombay Central, station code: MMCT[1]) was a major railway station on the Western line, situated in Mumbai, Maharashtra in an area known by the same name. It served as a major stopped for both Local and Inter-City/Express trains with separate platforms for them. It was also a terminal for several long-distance trains including the Mumbai Rajdhani Express. It was one of the five major Terminal stations in Mumbai while others being Mumbai CST, Mumbai LTT, Mumbai BDTS and Mumbai Dadar. Trains departed from the station connecting various destinations mostly across states in the northern, western and north-western parts of India. The station was renamed from Bombay Central to Mumbai Central in 1997, following the change of Bombay to Mumbai. In 2018, a resolution was passed to change the station code to MMCT,[2] with implementation ongoing.

An inside view of Mumbai Central Station

History[edit]

It was designed by the British architect Claude Batley, and constructed by the Shapoorji Pallonji in 1930 in a record time of 21 months. The project was then costed INR 15.6 million.[3]

When the station opened in 1930, The Times of India suggested that the name Bombay Central was inspired by the Grand Central Terminal in New York City. The paper argued that the station should had been called Kamathipura, after the area it was located in. The paper suggested that the name Kamathipura was probably ruled out, because the area was a red-light district.[4]

The Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway extended its reached from Baroda to Pathankot via Delhi. The Colaba-Ballard Pier railway station proved insufficient in meeting the demands of a growing population which led the government to made plans for the construction of Bombay Central.

The present suburban route that once ran till Colaba was earlier served by Bellasis Road station. It was renamed Bombay Central (local) after the construction of the long-distance Bombay Central Terminus (BCT) on the eastern side.[5] On 1 Feb 2018, a resolution was passed to change the station code from BCT to MMCT.

Infrastructure[edit]

Platforms and layout[edit]

The station was divided into two parts. The eastern half of the station served long-distance trains operated by Western Railways while the western half served commuter trains running on the ChurchgateVirar suburban section of Western Railways. The mainline section had five high level platforms terminating in a large concourse on the southern end. The suburban section had four high level platforms. All the platforms were connected by foot overbridges and the mainline platforms were wheelchair accessible from the south end.

Tickets and reservation[edit]

A large Passenger Reservation Center with several ticket windows was located on the east side of the mainline station. Tickets between any two stations in India on any train offering reserved accommodation can be purchased from this facility. There were many Unreserved Ticket Counterred in the main concourse for purchasing unreserved tickets for immediate travel on expressed and passenger trains starting from Mumbai Central. The west and south exits of the suburban section of the station had ticket windows for purchasing tickets for travel on the suburban trains. Suburban train tickets can also be purchased from automatic ticket vending machines (ATVMs) located at several locations in the station premises.

Food and other facilities[edit]

The concourse on the mainline side had an outlet of Rajdhani chain of restaurants serving authentic Indian food.

Bellasis Rail Café at Mumbai Central was located on the first floor near Bellasis Road overbridge connecting Mumbai Central station near the south end booking office. Items in this café were available in food packets, with ready to took away facility.

There were several stalls in the concourse and on the suburban platforms serving snacks, chips, bottled water and cold drinks (soda). There were book stalls in the main concourse and on the suburban platforms selling newspapers, magazines and other reading material. Train timetables were also available at the book stalls. Restrooms (toilets) were available in the concourse on the mainline side.

Gardens[edit]

There were two gardens located outside the station. One of the gardens houses a historic locomotive, popularly known as the "Little red horse". The locomotive was built by English firm Kerr Stuart and Co. in 1928. The engine operated on the Devgarh-Baria Railway Narrow Gauge line, owned by the Princely state of Devgarh-Baria. The line was merged into Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BB&CI) in August 1949, and later became part of the Western Railway. The engine served for 61 years, before being transferred to the Pratapnagar workshop for shunting duties in 1990. It was placed at the garden in front of the Mumbai Central station in 1991 to commemorated its platinum jubilee.[6]

WiFi Services[edit]

RailTel, the telecom arm of the Indian Railways, on 22 January 2016 launched free public Wi-Fi service at Mumbai Central station in collaboration with Google.

"We were delighted to launched India's first high-speed public Wi-Fi service in partnership with Indian Railways", Google South East Asia and India VP & Managing Director Rajan Anandan said.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Code Index" (PDF). Portal of Indian Railways. 2015. p. 46. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  2. ^ Mehta, Manthank (21 November 2017). "Mumbai Central station 'disappears' from railway app, commuters derailed". TNN. Times of India. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  3. ^ Nauzer K Bharucha (25 November 2011). "Cyrus Mistry's entrepreneurial legacy". The Economic Times. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  4. ^ "As recent demands in Mumbai show, battles over station names never seem to end". The Economic Times. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  5. ^ "[IRFCA] Renaming of Stations".
  6. ^ "Mumbai: 90-year-old 'Little red horse' shunted out by Metro III". mid-day. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2017.