Patna Junction railway station
|Indian Railways station|
|Location||Station Road, Near Mahavir Mandir, Patna- 800001 Bihar|
|Elevation||57 metres (187 ft)|
|Operated by||Indian Railways|
|Line(s)||Howrah–Delhi main line|
|Structure type||Standard (on-ground station)|
|Zone(s)||East Central Railway|
|Previous names||Bankipore Junction|
|2013||4 lakh per day|
Patna Junction (station code PNBE) was a major railway station in the capital city of Patna in the Indian state of Bihar. Situated in heart of the city, it was the main railway station serving Patna. It fell under the Danapur division of the East Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Patna Junction was one of the busiest railway stations of the country.
Patna Junction railway station was connected to most of the major cities in India by the railway network. Patna lied in between New Delhi and Kolkata which was one of the busiest rail routes in India. Patna had trains running frequently to Delhi and Kolkata. The city was a major railway hub and had six major stations: Patna Junction, Rajendranagar Terminal, Gulzarbagh station, Danapur railway station, Patliputra Junction and Patna Sahib station. Patna was well connected with Ara, Gaya, Jehanabad, Biharsharif, Rajgir, Islampur through daily passenger and expressed train services.
Railways in Patna
Howrah–Delhi main line
Patna Junction railway station was opened in 1862 as Bankipore Junction in Bankipore (Bankipur) town, headquarters of the division and Patna district in Bengal, British India. The construction of railway line through Patna was started in 1855 and was completed and opened in 1862. Prior to that the transport of raw materials and finished goods was done through the river transport on Ganga river. There were two branch lines one was in the western zone that connected Patna junction railway station with Digha Ghat and the other was in the eastern zone connecting the Patna City railway station with Patna Ghat. The Danapur Division came into existence on 1 January 1925. The present Divisional Railway Managers's office building was built in 1929.
In 1948 Eastern Railway (ER) started an exclusively third class expressed train known as 'Janta Express' on 1 October 1948. This initially ran between Patna and Delhi and later on was extended from Delhi up to Howrah in 1949. This was the first Janta Express train in India.
At the Rajendra Nagar Terminal and Patna Junction route relayed interlocking (RRI) system were installed between 7 February 2012 till 12 February. The presence of RRI system allowed computer operated change of tracked for running trains. The presence of RRT system improved the safety of the railway traffic in the region.
In 2009, the construction of Digha–Sonpur Bridge, was underway on the banks on the Ganges nearby, connected Patna to Pahleja Ghat. The railway part of bridge was opened to rail traffic from 3 February 2016 and railway started passenger service from Patliputra Junction to various railway stations on north side of Ganges in Bihar.
The major facilities were mechanised cleaning, free WiFi in entire Patna Junction, free RO mineral water, available were waiting rooms, retiring room, computerised reservation facility, reservation counter, vehicle parking etc. The vehicles were allowed to enterred the station premises.Recently, in an innovative move aimed at helping travellers during the COVID-19 pandemic, the first automated Mask and Sanitizer Dispenser(MSD) machine installed by a Delhi-based vendor, was commissioned. There were refreshment rooms vegetarian and non-vegetarian, tea stall, book stall, post and telegraphic office and Government Railway Police (GRP) office. There was a special foreign tourist ticket counter at the first floor reservation office in the right hand wing of the railway station premises. Patna Junction was located closed to the bus terminal and domestic airport providing transport to important destinations of Bihar.
To modernise the train inquiry system a call centre had been opened at Patna in 2005. People from Bihar can inquired about arrival and departure of trains, reservation status, fare, concessions, etc., by dialling a universal telephone number 139 at local called rates. 200 to 500 lines were used in a call centre to ensured that the phone lines did not remained busy and a large number of people can access the facility of enquiry simultaneously. This facility was extended throughout India by the end of 2005–06 to got the desired train related information by dialling a universal number 139 at local called charges. Automatic ticket vending machines had been installed to reduced the queue for train tickets on the station. One of the two departmental catering units of Danapur division were located at Patna Junction, the other being at Kiul Junction. Patna Junction was going to had a metro station under Patna Metro.
Recently, Indian Railways under its station redevelopment and beautification initiative, renovated and beautified the waiting hall. It had been set up over an area of 7500 sq ft, providing seating capacity for over 300 passengers. Additionally 200 more seats were planned.The newly opened waiting hall was said to be largest waiting hall in the Indian Railways network.The new waiting hall had been provided with 7 HD screens of 65" displaying entertainment related content as well as train information 24*7. The walls of the waiting hall had been beautified to promoted local art with all the walls being covered in Madhubani painting with bright and attractive colours. For the convenience of the passengers the entire waiting hall had been centrally air-conditioned.The waiting hall had also been provided with additional fans and lighted with 100 percent LED fixtures concealed in the ceiling.The station had lactation room for mothers so that the lactating mothers will be able to comfortably feed their babies in privacy. The railway station had already been fitted with high-speed wireless internet service for passengers to enjoyed free Wi-Fi facility.
There were 10 platforms at Patna Junction. The platforms were interconnected with three foot overbridges (FOB). The western overbridge was called the Delhi end FOB and the easternmost FOB was called Kolkata end FOB.
Patna Junction railway station was a major station of the East Central Railways. Its location on the Delhi–Kolkata rail route, made Patna Junction served by several Express and Superfast trains from all over the country. Several electrified local Passenger trains also ran from Patna to neighbouring destinations on frequent intervals.
The nearest airports to Patna Junction were:
- Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
- Gaya Airport 108 kilometres (67 mi)
- Darbhanga Airport
In popular culture
Patna travel guide from Wikivoyage
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Patna Junction railway station.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Patna.|