Varanasi Junction railway station

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Varanasi Junction
Indian Railways station
Varansi railway Station1.jpg
LocationVaranasi, Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates25°19′37″N 82°59′11″E / 25.32694°N 82.98639°E / 25.32694; 82.98639Coordinates: 25°19′37″N 82°59′11″E / 25.32694°N 82.98639°E / 25.32694; 82.98639
Elevation80.71 metres (264.8 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byIndian Railways
Line(s)Varanasi–Faizabad–Lucknow line
Varanasi–Rae Bareli–Lucknow line
Varanasi–Sultanpur–Lucknow line
Varanasi–Banaras -Allahabad line
Varanasi–Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya line
Varanasi–Mau–Gorakhpur line
Varanasi–Ballia–Chhapra line
Varanasi–Vyasnagar–Jeonathpur-Allahabad line
Platforms1-9 & 1A (and 2 under construction)
ConnectionsCentral bus station, Taxi stand, Auto stand
Structure typeStandard (on-ground station)
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeBSB
Zone(s) Northern Railway
Division(s) Lucknow NR
Opened1872; 149 years ago (1872)
Previous namesBanaras Junction
Varanasi Junction railway station is located in Varanasi district
Varanasi Junction railway station
Varanasi Junction railway station
Location within Varanasi district

Varanasi Junction railway station (station code: BSB), also known as Varanasi Cantt railway station, was the main railway station serving the city of Varanasi. The other key railway stations in Varanasi Metro area were Banaras (formerly Manduadih), Varanasi City, Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Jn. and Kashi. The junction station was sandwiched between the cantonment region and Chetganj region of the city.[1] The station was partially controlled by the Lucknow Division of the Northern Railway Zone and the Varanasi Division of the North Eastern Railway Zone of the Indian Railways. Varanasi Junction railway station nearly reached the frequency of 300 trains daily. Almost, 45 trains originated and terminated at the station. Premium trains of Indian Railways also originated from Varanasi Junction, such as Vande Bharat Express and IRCTC Kashi Mahakal Humsafar Express.


The first line to the temple town was opened from Howrah in 1862. The Chief Engineer of East Indian Railway Company, George Turnbull directed and built the route via Patna. In 1872, a line was added for Lucknow and in 1887, Malviya Bridge was opened to connected the city with Mughalsarai. Also, the bridge connected the Oudh and the Rohilkhand Railway with those of the East India Company at Mughal Sarai.[2]


The Varanasi Junction railway station had a modern Route Interlock System with an automated signaling system. Varanasi Junction railway station was ranked 14th among 75 busiest A1 category stations on the cleanliness scale.[3] At present, there were 9 platforms while 3 more platforms were being constructed to took off the load.[4] Well, the station was equipped with water ATMs, escalators, Wifi, lifted, and many other public conveniences. Due to heavy inflow of tourists from across the country, the railway administration had planned to added the public announcements in other languages such as Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada, Odia, Marathi, and Telugu.[5]


In 2018, the station was included in the list of 90 stations to be converted into world-class hubs. The redevelopment plan will included the induction of CCTV cameras, Wifi, renovation of the station buildings, modular water kiosks, water, ATMs, LED lights, lifted, escalators, stainless steel benches, and modular catering kiosks.[6] Varanasi Junction railway station was also loaded with rooftop solar panels which can generated up to 600 KW and the administration was planning to added another 1000KW.[7]

The upgradation and remodelling of Varanasi junction was being done with a major project of Rs 568.7 crore. A major thrust of the railways was on remodelling of yards, construction of new platforms, beautification, augmentation of passenger amenities such as waiting halls and approach roads. Besides, the modern GRP thana, the expanded building also had a world class waiting lobby, escalators, stairs for a new railway foot over bridge, cafeteria and other passenger amenities.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Google Maps".
  2. ^ "Bridge over the Ganges".
  3. ^ "Varanasi railway station ranks 14th on cleanliness scale".
  4. ^ "Cantt Railway station to have 3 more platforms".
  5. ^ "Varanasi station to have announcements in South Indian languages".
  6. ^ "World-class! Indian Railways to transform 90 stations into airport-like transit hubs".
  7. ^ "Solar power capacity boost at Varanasi Cantt station".

External links[edit]