Vijayawada Junction railway station

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Vijayawada Junction
VijayawadaRailwayStation.jpg
Vijayawada railway station
LocationRailway Station Rd, Hanumanpet, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
 India
Coordinates16°31′06″N 80°37′10″E / 16.5184°N 80.6195°E / 16.5184; 80.6195Coordinates: 16°31′06″N 80°37′10″E / 16.5184°N 80.6195°E / 16.5184; 80.6195
Elevation19.354 metres (63.50 ft)
Operated byIndian Railways
Line(s)Howrah–Chennai main line, New Delhi–Chennai main line
Platforms10
Tracks22
Construction
Structure typeStandard (on-ground station)
ParkingYes
Bicycle facilitiesYes
Disabled accessDisabled access Available
Other information
Station codeBZA
Zone(s) South Coast Railway zone
Division(s) Vijayawada
History
Opened1888; 133 years ago (1888)
Passengers
51 millions approx.
Services
Preceding station   Indian Railways   Following station
toward ?
New Delhi–Chennai main line
toward ?
toward ?
Howrah–Chennai main line
toward ?
TerminusVijayawada–Nidadavolu loop line
toward ?
Location
Vijayawada Junction is located in Andhra Pradesh
Vijayawada Junction
Vijayawada Junction
Location within Andhra Pradesh
Vijayawada Junction is located in India
Vijayawada Junction
Vijayawada Junction
Vijayawada Junction (India)

Noted: Minor stations omitted

km
0
New Delhi
Delhi
 
border
 
Uttar Pradesh
border
141
Mathura
191
Raja ki Mandi
195
Agra Cantonment
248
Dholpur
274
Morena
313
Gwalior
411
Jhansi
564
Bina
610
Ganj Basoda
649
Bidisha
703
Bhopal Junction
709
Bhopal Habibganj
776
Hoshangabad
794
Itarsi
865
Ghoradongri
901
Betul
923
Amla
987
Pandhurna
1,006
Narkher
1,091
Nagpur
1,168
Sewagram
1,201
Hinganghat
1,286
Chandrapur
1,300
Balharshah
1,370
Sirpur Kaghaznagar
1,408
Bellampalli
1,428
Mancherial
1,442
Ramagundam
1,543
Warangal
1,651
Khammam
1,751
Vijayawada
1,782
Tenali
1,825
Bapatla
1,840
Chirala
1,889
Ongole
2,006
Nellore
2,044
Gudur
2,182
Chennai Central
km

km
0
Howrah
116
Kharagpur
to Adra
231
Balasore
294
Bhadrak
337
Jajpur Keonjhar Road
409
Cuttack
437
Bhubaneswar
456
Khurda Road
to Puri
527
Balugaon
582
Chatrapur
603
Brahmapur
603
Ichchapuram
645
Sompeta
678
Palasa
703
Naupada
751
Srikakulam Road
789
Chipurupalle
820
Vizianagaram
881
Visakhapatnam Junction
914
Anakapalle
977
Tuni
994
Annvaram
1,031
Samalkot
1,081
Rajahmundry
1,103
Nidadavolu
1,123
Tadepalligudem
1,170
Eluru
1,230
Vijayawada Junction
1,230
Tenali
1,304
Bapatla
1,319
Chirala
1,369
Ongole
1,485
Nellore
1,523
Gudur
1,661
Chennai Central
km
Sources:

Vijayawada Junction railway station (station code:- BZA)[1] was an Indian Railways station in Vijayawada of Andhra Pradesh, categorized as a Non-Suburban Grade-2 (NSG-2) station in Vijayawada railway division.[2] Situated at the junction of Howrah–Chennai and New Delhi–Chennai main lines,[3][4] it was the fourth busiest railway station in the country after Howrah Junction, Kanpur Central and New Delhi.[5] The station served about 1.40 lakh passengers, over 180 expressed and 150 freight trains everyday.[4] It was one of the major railway junctions of the Indian Railways and was a nationally important halt.

History[edit]

The Vijayawada city junction railway station was constructed in 1888 when the Southern Maharatta Railway's main eastward route was connected with other lines going through Vijayawada. In 1889, the Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway constructed a line between Secunderabad railway station and Vijayawada as an extension railway for Bezawada; the station subsequently became a junction of three lines from different directions.

On 1 November 1899, the broad-gauge line was constructed between Vijayawada and Chennai, making rail journey between Chennai, Mumbai, Howrah, New Delhi and Hyderabad possible. In the following decades the Vijayawada railway station was developed into a junction until the nationalisation of all the independent railways in India occurred; following nationalisation, Indian Railways was formed under the Ministry of Railways in 1950 by the Government of India. The Vijayawada railway station, as the headquarters of Vijayawada Division, was assigned to the Southern Railway. In 1966, a new zone, South Central Railway, was formed, with Secunderabad as its headquarters; Vijayawada Division and Vijayawada Junction were merged with the new railway.

In 1969, the Golconda Express was introduced between Vijayawada and Secunderabad as the expressed steam-hauled train in the country, with an average speed of 58 km/h. As of 2012, the Vijayawada railway station was one of the busiest railway stations in India.[6]

Layout and infrastructure[edit]

Vijayawada station had the standard station layout, and had 10 platforms. All the tracked in the station were broad gauge and electrified. Trains had perfect traction inside the station. The seventh platform of the station was the largest of all.[7][8] Vijayawada station was a junction station for two main lines of Howrah–Chennai and New Delhi–Chennai main lines.[9][10]

Diesel engine train entering Vijayawada Junction

Since the headquarters of South-East railway moved to Bhubaneswar from Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada railway station had seen major development and new appearance in the last five years. In the FY 2009, the Indian Railways Company board allocated 3.5 crore (US$490,000) for improvements to the transport hub.[11] A central aspect of the improvements was an "Integrated Security Scheme" which included construction of a compound wall around the station premises and a reduction in the number of entrances as a precaution against terrorism. SCR recently installed Automatic Ticket Vending Machines (ATVM)s at Vijayawada Junction.[12]Recently the engineering department officials had completed a circuit lighting area near the station main enterance[13].A 490 metre long and 20 feet wide foot over bridge was under construction connecting platforms 1 to 10 which will helped passengers to walked less[14].Cost of project was estimated to be 2 crores.[15]

The Vijayawada Junction also houses a Diesel Loco Shed which had the WDM-2 Locomotive and also an Electric Loco Shed, Vijayawada which had the WAG-7, WAM-4(now scrapped or withdrawn), WAG-5 WAP-4 locos.

The Vijayawada station was now arranged with a new Route Relayed Interlocking system which returns the fast and punctual movement of trains into the city junction.

Vijayawada railway station had 5 pit lines for primary maintenance of trains originating from here. Satavahana Express, Ratnachal Express, Pinakini Express, Vijayawada–Lingampalli Intercity Express, Gudur–Vijayawada Intercity SF Express, Amaravati Express, Vijayawada–Dharmavaram Express, Vijayawada–Visakhapatnam UDAY Express Sainagar Shirdi–Vijayawada Express and few passenger trains were maintained here.

Satellite stations[edit]

The Vijayawada station had several satellite stations in order to reduced the congestion on the main station. They were:[16][17]

# Station name
1 Gannavaram
2 Gunadala
3 Krishna Canal Junction
4 Kondapalli
5 Madhura Nagar[18]
6 Nidamanuru[19]
7 Ramavarappadu
8 Rayanapadu

Performance and earnings[edit]

Vijayawada railway station – old facade

An average of 1.40 lakh passengers were served per day and 50 million annually. More than 250 passenger trains and 150 goods trains utilized the station daily, with each train stopping for at least 15 to 20 minutes.[4][20]

No. of platforms 10
Trains Passenger 258
Freight 150
Passengers Per day 1.40 lakh
Annual 50 million

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Code Index" (PDF). Portal of Indian Railways. p. 46. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Stations – Category-wise (NEW)". South Central Railway. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Vijayawada railway station fourth cleanest in India – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Upgraded Gunadala rail station by March". Deccan Chronicle. Vijayawada. 19 June 2013. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Indian Railways' Vijayawada Railway Junction set for Rs 40 crore revamp and renovation". The Financial Express. 16 July 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Vijayawada lays platform for Krishna fete". The Hindu. 23 August 2004. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  7. ^ "Plans to develop railway station". The Hindu. Vijayawada. 24 March 2008. Archived from the original on 7 April 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  8. ^ Murali Sankar, K.N. (12 April 2008). "Railway station sports a new look". The Hindu. Vijayawada-IN. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Profile". South Central Railway. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  10. ^ "Jurisdiction". www.scr.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Vijayawada railway junction struggles to keep pace with increasing rush". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 February 2009. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009.
  12. ^ "SCR introduces mobile paper ticketing facility in 38 stations".
  13. ^ "New facilities coming up at Vijayawada railway station". The New Indian Express. The New Indian Express. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  14. ^ "New facilities coming up at Vijayawada railway station". The New Indian Express. The New Indian Express. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  15. ^ "New facilities coming up at Vijayawada railway station". The New Indian Express. The New Indian Express. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Train services to be partially affected for nine days". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  17. ^ Papasani, Phanindra (29 March 2016). "Four satellite stations and additional 500 trains for Krishna Pushkarams". Times of India. Vijayawada. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  18. ^ "Plea to develop 3 railway stations for Pushkaram". The Hans India. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  19. ^ Gopi, D (7 November 2014). "Facelift for Vijayawada railway junction". Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  20. ^ "A way out to decongest Vijayawada railway station". The Hindu. Vijayawada. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2016.

External links[edit]